A Model of the Universes

With the UVS and UVB firmly grounded, the nature and function of Black Holes understood and, finally, a workable definition
of the Fabric of Space, I had everything I needed to build a comprehensive model of the Universes from beginning to end.

Again, this had never been my intent.  I just wanted to get my ideas about the UVS and black holes out in the open and then let the chips fall any way they liked.  But here I sat, all the pieces on the board, so I might as well put them together.

It begins with the expansion of the UVS, very likely at a close fraction of the speed of light, providing a bed for the UVB, the mass and gravity of both being expressions of their intrusion into the fourth spatial dimension of their host Universe.  Being finite, the expansion of the UVS will eventually slow and stop and here's the nifty part: that expansion stops because E=mc2 tells it to.  Einstein's equation limits the number of times any particle can divide: once equilibrium is reached between mass and energy, that's it. And the really elegant part is that, while those little particles can no longer divide, they retain energy and mass and their momentum shifts from forward velocity to a jiggly idle in-place.

Meanwhile the UVB, essentially floating on the UVS, continues its much slower expansion, first gathering clouds of free-ranging ions into generation after generation of star nurseries, making supermassive black holes which, in turn, make and then drive spiral galaxies, each generation adding complexity to the dance as heavier and heavier elements emerge from larger and larger stars, filling the UVB with dust, making planets and asteroids and comets and tiny little molecules, some that carry the Spark of Life in the form of amino acids, and others, ancient molecules of H2O that, just as the UVS enables the dance of the UVB, enable the Dance of Life.

As the expansion of the UVS slows, the UVB catches up, begins to circumnavigate the UVS and the fate of our Universes becomes clear: a primordial black hole, as the UVB completes its journey and begins collapsing, taking the UVS with it.

That does sound a little depressing, knowing that everything we are, were and ever could be, will be wiped off the Face of Creation but it's not nearly as depressing as the current crop of Cosmologists' vision that has their universe devolving into darkness filled with nothing but slowly evaporating black holes which, when they explode, fill that universe with its last light, leaving nothing but eternal dust.

A bit of comfort can be taken from my model: at some point, as that Primordial Black Hole is consuming the UVS, the gravity of the remnant of the UVS will fail and the Hole will explode in a new Big Bang, spawning  a brand new UVS and UVB in the grandest expression of the cycle of birth and death imaginable.  Once you get used to it, it may still be a little sad but a hell of lot better knowing that at least some small part of your essence will survive in those new Universes instead of becoming eternal dust.
One beauty of this model, apart from its simplicity and elegance, has to do with a thing called the Horizon Problem and its solution, an idea called Inflation.  Assuming that the Big Bang issued from a single point, the Problem states that, given the limit on the speed of light, there was simply not enough time for opposite ends of that Bangs' universe to synchronize its physical characteristics, especially the temperature of the Cosmic Background Radiation.  In short, how could areas that weren't in physical contact mimic one another so closely?

In 1980, Alan Guth, proposed a solution: that the early Universe expanded really really fast, before light had time to emerge and slow stuff down.  Therefore, in that short interval of expansion, everything talked to everything else and got their story straight before the expansion flung them away from each other.  Time would be milliseconds of milliseconds (but time didn't really exist yet) and distance would be around, oh, say, how about big enough to solve the Horizon Problem?  This is Inflation.

Both of those descriptions are painfully simplistic, especially regarding Inflation, which mixes so many elements of Newtonian and Quantum Physics together that it's really not worth the effort to try to disentangle them.  Especially since the primary assumption of the Horizon Problem and Inflation, that the Big Bang issued from a single point, is false.  Our Primordial Black Hole, encompassing all of the matter of the UVB and at least 45% of the matter of the UVS of the Universes we came from, would have been very, very big, more than big enough to make the Horizon Problem disappear and Inflation unnecessary.

So, my model fixes the Horizon Problem, explains how the UVS enabled the UVB to evolve, how huge clouds of hydrogen and helium ions collapsed into supermassive black holes and ignited the first stars which then gathered around their supermassive black holes as spiral galaxies.

This leaves one loose end: elliptical galaxies which, frankly, I find boring and ugly.   However I can imagine how they formed: massive black holes strong enough to keep stars together but too weak to form a spiral.  Or simply mutual gravity, without any central black hole at all.  Once they figure out the UVS and the role Supermassive Black Holes played in creating galaxies, the Cosmologists can decide which.

And there are a few related issues that need mentioning:

The Higg's Boson: CERN won't find it because it never existed.  If they do, then my model is wrong, Quantum Theory is valid, and we may look like people but we're really a bunch of numbers floating around somewhere.

The Standard Model: give it to Rube Goldberg.

The Smoothness and Flatness Problems: both make the same assumption as the Horizon Problem, that the Big Band issued from a single point, and both disappear when that assumption is replaced by a Primordial Black Hole.

The Space-Time Continuum: doesn't exist except as an example of fuzzy thinking.  Einstein may have coined the term but it violates one of the basic tenants of his Special Theory of Relativity: time dilation.

I was introduced, as a kid, to the idea of time dilation by a segment on Disney's Wonderful World of Color that dealt with the Twins' Paradox.  One twin stays at home, on Earth, while the other rockets off into Space.  When he returns, the rocketeering twin discovers that his brother has aged far faster than himself: time had slowed for the Spacefarer, or speeded up for the stay-at-home, depending on your relative position.

Initially, I was intrigued by the idea but then horrified as the major implication of time dilation sunk in: time is specific to the body in motion.  There is no such thing as general time.  Not only did I have my own, personal, clock but so did every organ, every cell, every molecule, every proton, neutron and electron in my body.  Every object in motion, from the smallest particle in the UVS to the biggest Supermassive Gravity Well in the UVB has its own clock, all ticking away at different speeds.

Like most of us, I was addicted to the notion of One Clock, the integrity of seconds and milliseconds and the stability all of it provided.  Having all of that blown away in an instant was more than disturbing.

Then one day, thanks to the Indy 500, I got it.  Or, more accurately, my subconscious got it and let me in on the deal. If those cars were sharing the same time they'd be stuck in a line, they're clock wouldn't allow them to move slower or faster except as a unit, "At the same time".  If we all shared the same time, the same clock ticking at same speed for all of us, we'd be stuck in a huge conga line.

Time has to be specific to the object in motion just so we can move around as individual entities.  That sense of general time we all share is an illusion facilitated by the miniscule, almost unmeasurable differences in the rate our clocks tick but, the point isn't how small the differences are, point is that they exist.

Yet Einstein, unconsciously assuming there's just one clock, never quite fleshing out the implications of this pillar of his own Special Theory of Relativity, linked Time and Space, as generalities, in a soundbite that's easy on the ear but, on any kind of examination, falls apart.  Nothing more than his profession's habit of plastering over ignorance with grand sounding, meaningless blather.  Surprise!  Einstein was human; thinking in terms of general time, like us, even when he and we should all know better.

E=mc2: Simple enough for a child to understand, capable of defining entire universes and the most beautiful equation ever written.  If there is magic, E=mc2 defines it.  For this, Einstein deserves a place in history.

Finally: Common Sense.  Normally, I don't like term: what's common sense to one person ... But the ideas I present in this website are so simple, so obvious that I can't believe no one else has come up with them.

The mathematicians have their agenda, Quantum Theory, so they're not likely to welcome ideas consistent with Classical Physics, and what few scientists are left in the discipline would be restrained by the Scientific Method's prohibition against going beyond your data but the Cosmologists, at lease, should have caught on.  They've been gathering the data, from Dark Matter to Gamma Ray Bursts coming from ancient stars nurseries, for years and years but seem to have forgotten how to add.

Look at it: The Vacuum of Space: ridiculous on its face and, if you do a web search, you'll find nothing but equivocation, backtracking and reference after reference to "Virtual" and "Near" vacuums, a gold mine for fuzzy thinking.

The UVS, as obvious as the nose on your face yet, despite Dark Matter, still unknown.  Its essential role undreamt.

Then Supermassive Black Holes collapsing in ancient star nurseries, producing Gamma Ray Bursts signalling Holes orders of magnitude larger that any stars could produce with the formation of spiral galaxies an inescapable consequence.  Unrecognized, especially by those who should have understood their significance within a few years of gathering the data.

Followed by the nature of Black Holes: one simple attempt at a mechanical, Newtonian solution blows the idea of The Singularity out of the water, replacing it with the Maelstrom.

And The Fabric of Space and Gravity:  Einstein showed that Gravity was a process resulting from the interaction of mass and space, not a Force.  This should have set off a vigorous hunt for those physical characteristics that made "Space" warpable, leading to a re-examination of  what we mean by mass and and space, but no one even tried, despite a wealth of clues left like little bread crumbs on the trail.

Those clues would have lead to the smoothness of a hydrogen/helium/electron universe which would have led to both the UVS and the realization that any universe, left to itself, had to be universally smooth and uniformly dense, incapable of building a UVB like ours (this is what the Smoothness and Flatness Problems are about), which would have led to the idea of a fourth spatial dimension; that is, if anyone had tried.  Somebody really lost the opportunity to become a Name as big as Einstein.

Lastly, there is the assumption fueling it all, that the Bang Banged from a single point, a Primordial Singularity. Unbelievably, no one has ever seriously questioned that assumption - except the mathematicians working on Quantum Gravity.  In what has to be a universe sized irony, their numbers suggest a Big Bang/Big Crunch cycle, each universe emerging from one before it.  One universe collapsing until, at a point, something causes it to rebound, creating another.  Their numbers can't tell the mathematicians what that something is, only that it's there, like a serpent ready to spring when you get too close, and leading to the question:

What is that myth about a serpent eating itself tail-first?


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